Skin Care

Diagnosis and treatment of skin-related conditions that can cause discomfort, pain, and illness.

The skin is one of the first barriers of defence against the outside world. This is why skin health is important to the overall health of your dog. If you notice itching, hair loss, or any abnormalities of the skin, then you should seek veterinary care to help determine the cause and the best remedy.

What are the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of bacterial skin infections?

Many different things can cause bacterial skin infections. Allergies, injuries to the skin, or certain endocrine disorders can predispose your dog to skin infections. Symptoms are often: redness, itching, crusting, hair loss, and sometimes an odorous discharge. Diagnosis is usually based on a veterinarian examination, sometimes followed by cytology.

What are the causes, symptoms, and treatment for ringworms?

Ringworm is a superficial skin infection caused by a fungus. It gets its name because of its appearance: red circular rash with healthy skin in the middle. It often spreads from direct contact with another infected animal (cattle, humans, dogs). If your dog has ringworm, there will be a red circular rash and possibly itching. Treatment is often a topical antifungal cream or for more severe cases, an oral antifungal medication.

What are the causes and treatment of allergic skin diseases?

Allergies can occur from food (usually a protein source), the environment (pollen, dust) or direct contact. The best course of treatment is eliminating the offending allergen. However, if this cannot be done, the symptomatic treatment is warranted with medications.

What are the causes and treatment for parasitic skin diseases?

Parasitic skin infections can be caused by a variety of parasites, such as fleas, mites or lice. Treatment is often topical, with either monthly preventative medications or sometimes washes. For some of these parasites, oral treatment is also available.

What are the causes and treatment for hormonal skin diseases?

Causes of hormonal or endocrine skin disorders include diabetes, hypothyroidism, and hypercortisolism (Cushings), to name a few. Treatment involves controlling the underlying metabolic disorder and treating any secondary skin infections.

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